What is Myopia?

The incidence of myopia is expected to increase significantly¹ as lifestyle change, with children taking part in more near-work activities² like using digital devices, studying and reading, and spending less time outdoors. Hereditary, behavioural and environmental factors also play a part.

Getting your child's myopia diagnosed early not only corrects their vision now, but can help to slow the progression of myopia and preserve their vision and eye health for the future.

References: ¹ Holden B.A., Fricke T.R., Wilson D.A., Jong M., Naidoo K.S., Sankaridurg P., Wong T.Y., Naduvilath T.J., Resniko_ S. Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050. American Academy of Ophthalmology. 05/2016, vol.123, no. 5, p.1036–1042. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.01.006. ² Huang H-M, Chang DS-T, Wu P-C. The Association between Near Work Activities and Myopia in Children —A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 2015. PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140419. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140419. ³ Arumugam B, Hung LF, To CH, Holden B, Smith EL 3rd. The e_ects of simultaneous dual focus lenses on refractive development in infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Oct 16;55(11):7423-32. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14250. ⁴ Tse DY, To CH. Graded competing regional myopic and hyperopic defocus produce summated emmetropization set points in chick. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Oct 17;52(11):8056-62. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5207. ⁵ Tse DY, Lam CS, Guggenheim JA, Lam C, Li KK, Liu Q, To CH. Simultaneous defocus integration during refractive development. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Dec;48(12):5352-9. ⁶ Prize list of the 46th International Exhibition of Inventions of Geneva – 2018. http://www.inventions-geneva.ch/images/2018_PRIZE_LIST_English.pdf, accessed 29.08.18. ⁷ Lam CSY, Tang WC, Lee RPK, Chun RKM, To CH. A randomized clinical trial for myopia control – use of myopic defocus spectacle lens. 8th International Congress of Behavioral Optometry (ICBO), 26-29 of April 2018. Sydney, Australia. ⁸ Sankaridurg P1, Tilia D1, Morton M1, Weng R1, Jong M1, Zhu F2. Guidelines for Myopia Management. 1 Brien Holden Vision Institute; 2 Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention and Treatment Center. https://guidelines.brienholdenvision.org, accessed 16.08.1018. ⁹ Prize list of SILMO d'Or 2020. https://en.silmoparis.com/SILMO-Signature/SILMO-d-Or-awards/SILMO-d-Or-Awards-archives/2020/2020-SILMO-d-or-laureates, accessed 15.10.20.